Rules for breeding German Shepherd Dogs

Rules for breeding German Shepherd Dogs

2019 edition

Accepted at the OS of OGOK in 2020


I. General provisions

II. Breeder

Breeding right

Rental for breeding purposes

Dog names and protecting those names

III. Breeding consultation and breeding control

Cultivators of the local groups (of the organization)

Guarantee of identity and origin

Identity verification with subsequent X-ray examination

IV. Breeding value and prerequisites for breeding

Dogs allowed for breeding

Breedable dogs

Dogs not allowed for breeding

Breeding procedure

Minimum age of animals for breeding

Frequency of use for breeding

Covering Act

Litter strength

Breeding of other female animals (sucklings)

Registration of the litter

Pedigree certificate

V. Hip Dysplasia (HD) and Elbow Dysplasia (ED) Procedure


Measures within the Union

Research procedure

Other prescriptions and rules related to breeding

VI. Facilities for preservation and promotion of breeding

Pedigree book

Book for the selection of purebred breeders

File for the displayed qualities

Exhibition file

File register of dogs with a ban on further breeding

Register of used dogs

I. General provisions

The OGOK breeding regulations serve to promote systematic breeding of the German Shepherd breed and regulate the entire field of breeding activity.

The Regulations are an integral part of the Statute and are mandatory for all members of the Association. If necessary, breeding plans can be voted as appendices to the Breeding Regulations.

II. Breeder

Breeding right:

For owners and owners of German Shepherds who wish to benefit from the OGOK stud book, membership is a prerequisite.

The breeder of a litter is the owner or hirer of the mother bitch at the time of insemination. Transfer of breeding rights is also possible when selling a fertilized bitch. In this case, the following documents must be submitted to the Pedigree Book Keeping Office:

certificate of the change of ownership by providing a pedigree

certificate of coverage

application for transfer of breeding rights (form)

Within one calendar year, a given kennel can breed a maximum of 10 litters in the name of their kennel. Determining is the day of the landing (when calculating)

2. Leasing for the purpose of breeding

Hiring (or renting out) a bitch for the purpose of breeding is possible, but must be authorized by OGOK. If the prerequisites listed below are met, the tenant is considered the breeder of the respective litter.

The following documents must be submitted to the Pedigree Book Keeping Service:

Lease contract (by sample / form)

application for transfer of breeding rights (form)

certificate of coverage

3. Kennel names and protection of those names

A kennel name can only be reserved for adults.

The name of the kennel must be registered with OGOK and is protected by the association. The name expires with the death of the breeder, until an heir has requested the transfer of the name to his own use, respectively 30 years after the last entry.

Does not apply if there is a contract of sale.

If more than one person has the right of ownership to one bitch, the owner of that breeder is the one who is registered in the Pedigree Book Keeping Office as having the right to put an official signature.

If an owner who does not have the right to put an official signature wishes to breed, he needs a declaration of consent given by the co-owner who has the right to put an official signature.

III. Breeding consultation and breeding control

Cultivators of the local groups (of the organization)

For the monitoring and control of breeding activity in the local subdivisions of OGOK, the responsible for breeding of the local groups are responsible.

Competences of those responsible for the breeding of local groups:

Competence according to the place of residence of the breeder

Competence according to the kennel’s affiliation to a local group

Obligations of breeders of local groups:

The MG Breeding Officer is obliged within his local group to educate and advise members also on issues of breeding, breeding activity and related breeding events. From this follows the obligation of the person responsible for breeding to regularly take part in refresher courses for persons responsible for breeding in OGOK, held with the aim of updating knowledge.

The MG Breeding Officer is mainly responsible for the monitoring and formal acceptance of the litters in his subordinate area.

A puppy born in his area of ​​competence must be visited and seen for the first time by the breeding officer between 45-60 days after the bitch gave birth to the puppies.

Checking chip numbers:

In such a local group, has a reader who stands in charge of breeding MG. For these views of the responsible for breeding, should be given an opportunity by the breeder, they should also extend to the relationship of keeping (if a holder), not the owner.

Breeders must control the breeding of German Shepherds within the meaning of the “Breeding Regulations”. They must report all violations of the Rules, including “wild” breeding, to the competent breeding officer of OGOK.

If the chip number is later unreadable, this must be reported to the Stud Bookkeeping Office.

2. Guarantee of identity and origin

Genotypic database:

To guarantee the identity and to verify the origin of the dogs, the Association will create a genotypic database based on molecular-genetic research of origin.


On a voluntary basis, owners provide blood samples from their dog for research purposes. The procedure proceeds as follows:

The contracted veterinarian takes the blood sample. He guarantees to the Association the identity of the dog to be tested by personally verifying the dog’s chip number, plus the blood sample. After that, the same sends it to the agreed institute.

The evaluation, the preparation of the DNA – formula and the study of the origin are carried out by the institute

Pedigrees are requested from the owner by the Pedigree Office

Upon arrival of the conclusion, a stamp is placed on the pedigree certificate

If the DNA formulas of the father and/or mother are available, the transition can be verified. In this case, one or two stamps are placed. This shall be deemed to prove the correct parentage with regard to one or both parents.

3. Identity verification with subsequent X-ray examination

Before carrying out the new act of covering, each male animal is examined in relation to the conducted / HD / examination. A second image must be taken from a university clinic.

If the first X-ray was taken by a university clinic, another clinic should be chosen for the second.

The finished photo is checked by the expert of the Union on / HD / – exclusively for whether it is identical to the first photo.

Anesthetization (giving sedatives) to the dog during the second photo is a mandatory prescription. As to the usefulness of the second photograph in the aspect of the required verification, the word has the expert.

Not valid for dogs with SV seal.

IV. Breeding value and prerequisites for breeding

1. Dogs allowed for breeding:

All dogs entered in the OGOK pedigree book, which on the day of insemination have a designation for completed training according to the training regulations and, in addition to that of the breeder with an evaluation, are admitted for breeding

– VERY GOOD for female and EXCELLENT for male.

2. Breedable dogs

Breedable dogs are those that have been admitted for breeding in OGOK and recognized by FCI member states.

4. Dogs not allowed for breeding

Dogs from the registry of used dogs

Dogs with the following deficiencies:

Weak in nature, biting and weak-minded

Dogs with established severe form of hip dysplasia

Monorchids and cryptorchids

Dogs with threatening defects on the ears, respectively the tail

Dogs with malformations

Dogs with significant pigmentation deficiencies, also blue-eyed

Dogs with jaw defects

More than 2mm front bite

Back bite

Dogs with larger or smaller sizes with a deviation of more than 1 cm; for men – 66 cm, for women – 61 cm

Bitches that have given birth 3 times by caesarean section

Operative interventions on the dog with the aim of correcting or achieving (improving) an already existing breeding evaluation (for example: ears, tail, teeth, testicles) lead to a ban on breeding and bring criminal liability to the owner/s.

The heirs of the dogs listed in point 4 cannot be accepted and entered in the pedigree book of OGOK. The decision to do so is communicated to the owner. Upon objection, a decision is made in the first instance by the head of the genealogy book, and in the second instance by the Board of Directors of OGOK.

5. Breeding procedure

Under breeding procedure we mean:

Purebreeding – Interbreeding of animals of the same breed. It leads to the exploitation of hereditary values ​​by itself, through family or inbreeding. It also applies to inbreeding.

Inbreeding – is based on close consanguinity, where an ancestor is represented at least once on both the father’s and the mother’s side.

Inbreeding between siblings is always considered inbreeding, where the concept of kinship is limited to the first five lines of descent (inbreeding)

We distinguish:

Closest inbreeding (Inbreeding) is mating between parents and children, ancestors and grandchildren or between brothers and sisters; i.e. between relatives of the 1st and 2nd degree by direct or collateral line. Internal breeding, by relatives of 2-3 or 3-2, also with brothers and sisters, is not allowed.

Close inbreeding is mating between 3rd and 4th degree relatives;

Distant inbreeding is mating between 4th and 5th degree relatives.

Interbreeding is the one-time introduction of foreign blood into a bloodline strengthened by in-line breeding;

” Foreign” breeding is the mating of animals of the same breed that are not related to each other.

Since almost all elite bred breeds are descended from a small breeding base, it is sufficient to practice distant breeding. It looks for a blood relationship with ancestors who were good bequests. Animals derived from close inbreeding must be constantly refreshed with the entry of blood from non-close relatives in order to avoid unpleasant phenomena in the hereditary establishments.

6. Minimum age of breeding animals

Male animals must be two years of age at the time of use for breeding.

Bitches must be 20 months old at the time of their first use for breeding purposes.

Unforeseen acts of covering that have taken place before the minimum age has been reached must be immediately reported to the competent MG officer, the FG breeding officer and the herdbook office. Whether litters from these relationships are to be entered is decided by the responsible for the herd book in cooperation with the responsible for breeding, the Board of the Association.

7. Frequency of use for breeding

Male Animals:

Males meeting the prerequisites of the Breeding Regulations can perform up to 60 matings for domestic bitches and up to 30 matings for foreign bitches in 1 year; and their number should be distributed evenly, 50% for the first and 50% for the second semester and, if possible, evenly within the individual months of the two semesters. Transfer of the number from domestic to foreign bitches and vice versa is not permissible.

Frequent acts of covering at a distance of a short time after each other – should be avoided for the safety of fertilization.

Mating acts by one male animal with the same bitch during 28 days are counted as one mating act.

If the male animal turns two years old during the calendar year in question, only the proportional number of copulations calculated from the moment of reaching the age of 2 years is permissible. This applies to acts of mating with domestic as well as mating acts with foreign bitches.

The Management Board of the Association is responsible for control and imposition of penalties, the decision can be objected to.

If a male is found to have only a particle or no fertility, he may be withdrawn from breeding and banned from further breeding. For bitches left empty as a result of insufficient breeding ability of the male, the owners have the right to demand a full refund of the covering fee.

Owners of male dogs are prohibited from issuing blank cover certificates. For bitches and male dogs owned by more than one person, one person authorized to present and affix an official signature must be nominated to the herd book office by presenting a written agreement.

A litter with two different fathers cannot be entered in the Union studbook. In these cases, an entry in the genealogy book is undertaken, in the presence of official confirmation of the origin – by the Office for Keeping the Genealogy Book.


Healthy bitches can be used within 12 months, 2 times in a row for breeding.

8. Cover act:

The kennel has a free choice of male animal to cover, the same applies to the owner’s choice of male when choosing a bitch.

The correctly performed act of covering is confirmed by the owner of a male dog by signing a certificate of covering. At the same time, the Service for keeping the pedigree book must be notified within 14 days.

After an act of covering has been performed, the man’s work is considered completed, and with it the prerequisite for the agreed payment.

If the bitch is not fertilized, a free act of covering must be provided. Fertilization / Non-fertilization of the bitch must be immediately reported to the owner of the male dog.

If the male is no longer available (eg: Sale or death), the owner of the bitch will be refunded half of the cover fee.

The owners of male dogs for covering are obliged to pay back the entire premium for covering in the case of an empty bitch, if due to their fault the male had to be completely or partially stopped from insemination.

The owner of the bitch must inform the competent breeding officer about the act of covering and the litter.

9. Litter strength

No more than 8 puppies per litter should be left for one bitch to raise. The remaining cubs should be raised by another female – a nurse. For this purpose, the Association maintains mediation services for hiring nursing mothers in each regional group.

If more than 8 puppies are left with the mother bitch, she can be covered again after a period of 6 months, counted from the day of birth.

10. Breeding of other female animals (nursing females)

The female animal used (nursing) must have a height of at least 50 cm at the withers. Be strong and healthy and be good by nature.

A nursing mother can be given to suckle another bitch’s (suckling) cubs, and at least six, including the cubs that she herself has nursed.

If the nurse does not raise her own litter, she may be given pups from two different litters if the pups are marked in a way that excludes confusion with each other. The breeding officer must supervise the breeding of the females and confirm the safe designation. The cubs are put to breastfeed at the latest on the 10th day of their life. Nursing must be confirmed by the competent breeding officer in the litter registration document, or by means of a nursing certificate (form).

Nurse-raised puppies must be marked with an “A” on their tattoo document.

Fertilization of a bitch exclusively for the purpose of preparing her to be a nurse is not permitted. The use of apparently inseminated bitches is not permitted.

When a bitch dies after giving birth, fostering may be permitted before the 10th day of the pups if the Group Breeding Officer or Stud Book Service gives permission for this.

When choosing the cubs, at the latest on the 10th day after weaning, no more than eight cubs should be left to the mother, the rest should be given to be raised by a nurse, subject to the above confirmation.

Cubs with malformations and those that do not appear to be viable in the longer term or lag behind their litter brothers and sisters should be euthanized, regardless of litter strength: at the latest on the 11th day, painlessly and only in the presence by a doctor or qualified person, exclusively and only under anesthesia. In emergency cases, the main office should be involved.

Any other way deviating from the natural course of things (cultivation) is not allowed.

The upper toes (claws) should be properly removed during the first week of the pups’ life.

Cubs should not be surrendered (to be nursed) before they are tattooed. Tattooing is done only as long as they are healthy and if there are no contagious diseases in the fenced space (kennel).

Cubs can only be tattooed on site with their owner. If given up for fostering by a wet nurse, they should be returned to the litter for tattooing purposes.

The return from the nurse back to the mother bitch can only be done after the puppies are six weeks old. If the pups are not tattooed immediately after their return to the mother, the Breeder must verify the identity of the pups with the nurse and the rest with the mother.

11. Registration of the litter

Immediately after breeding, the Breeder shall notify the Breeding Officer thereof.

The application, together with the listed necessary documents, must be submitted by the breeder within a period of 2 months to the Main Office of the Association – without omissions.

The following documents must be attached to the application for the preparation of a pedigree certificate:

Pedigree certificate of the bitch (if there was a change of ownership)

Certificate of coverage

Litter registration document

possibly a certificate of care by a wet nurse

12. Pedigree certificate

Pedigrees are proof of origin. The Office for Keeping the Genealogical Book at the OGOK confirms the identity by entry in the genealogical book.

OGOK – pedigree certificates are certificates of authenticity, which are recognized by BNFC and FCI.

Pedigree certificates remain the property of OGOK. A right of possession to the pedigree certificate can also be held by the tenant of the bitch for breeding purposes – during the validity of the lease agreement. This also applies to the owner of the male dog that is handed over to kennels.

It is the responsibility of the breeder, after receiving the pedigree certificate, to check that it is correct and then to confirm it with his signature on the first page. The sending of the pedigree certificate – with the name, address of the buyer, date and signature of the seller, and the same are immediately communicated to the Association.

The owner is prohibited from signing a pedigree certificate without a registered change of ownership (if any).

V. Hip Dysplasia (HD) and Elbow Dysplasia (ED) Procedure

1. General provisions

Hip dysplasia is a pathological change of the hip joints in the area of ​​the joint cavity and femoral head. The manifestation of the disease goes from a mild form to a severe form.

Additionally, the Union has drawn up a mandatory breeding plan to combat hip dysplasia using the breeding value assessment method.

2. Measures within the framework of the association

Refer to the Association’s “Penalty Rules”.

3. Research procedure

The study and establishment of the status of the hip joints is done through an X-ray procedure.

The procedure proceeds as follows:

Apply only once;

The minimum age of the dogs at the time of the study – 12 months;

contracted veterinarians guarantee to the BSV the identity of the examined dog by personally verifying the tattoo number against the number on the original pedigree certificate.

The X-ray, duly marked with the dog’s name and its chip number, is sent by the veterinarian to the OGOK, HD department, ED, together with the doctor’s report.

The evaluation of the final examination is carried out by the Central Evaluation Office, at the Veterinary University in Sofia – according to the directives of the FCI.

In addition to this Central Assessment Service for the examination of research done by contract veterinarians, other veterinary colleges and universities act as self-assessors for the HD-research undertaken by them.

In the case of findings normal (A1, A2), almost normal (B1, B2) or still acceptable (C1, C2), the Union puts an “A” stamp on the pedigree certificate. Owners of dogs in which the HD procedure has proven medium HD (D1, D2) are notified by the Association. Dogs in which the HD-procedure has proven severe (E1, E2) are prohibited from entering their offspring in the pedigree book.

In case of non-recognition of “A”, the owner of the affected dog has the right to make a second examination. It must be declared to the service for keeping the Pedigree Book of the Association within 6 months after delivery of the decision on the non-recognition of “A” and can only be done at the Central HD-Assessment Office of the Association. The decision of the second procedure is final.

4. Other prescriptions and rules in connection with breeding

For the “Superior Selection” and “Superior” grades, recognition of “A” is a prerequisite and condition

For admission to breeding, the recognition of “A” is a prerequisite and condition

Any interventions and assaults on the dog with the aim of achieving fertility are absolutely prohibited and lead to the initiation of an internal union criminal procedure.

VI. Facilities for preservation and promotion of breeding

This includes aptitude tests, shows and breeding events. Details are set out in Breeding Regulations, Show Regulations and Exam Regulations

1. Pedigree book

It contains all German Shepherd dogs meeting the conditions for entry in the pedigree book. It can only be used by persons who have reached the age of 18. For youth under 18, written consent from a parent/guardian is required.

The Guided Pedigree Book for the breeding of German Shepherd Dogs (RK) together with the generations of use for breeding animals covered in it, forms the basis for breeding. In order to achieve the maximum possible knowledge of the relationships of origin within a breed, the herdbook must cover all animals belonging to that breed – eligible for registration within the meaning of the Breeding Regulations, even if it is later established that for some reason they are not suitable for breeding.

It is necessary to cover these animals, because by doing so, a prerequisite is created within the breed to obtain in-depth knowledge and findings about inheritance – both in the good and in the bad sense.

From the pedigree book comes the genealogical certificate of a dog, which gives information not only about names and origins of individual ancestors, but also about their “working” use. It also gives information on the color of the siblings, training results, exhibitions and breeding results of the parents, ancestors and siblings. In the RK and Pedigree Certificate, the generations of elite breeding (From two animals for elite breeding) and breeding on the basis of working qualities (from the two parents and four ancestors with signs of training) are indicated in a special way.

2. Book for the selection of thoroughbred breeders

Through elite breeding, a selection of breeding animals is created which, by their nature, their achievements and due to their anatomical structure, appear to be exceptionally suitable for the preservation and stimulation of the breed.

The book for the selection of purebred breeders is an addition to the RK and together with it plus the reports from the exhibitions and examinations is an advisor for purposeful breeding. Elite breeding is carried out in accordance with special regulations.

3. File for the displayed qualities

It covers all animals entered in the herd book or register that have taken part in a performance test recognized by the Association.

The card file for the displayed qualities contains the name of the dog, according to its pedigree book, its number in the pedigree book or register, its designation for training carried out, as well as the overall score obtained in a given test for tracking, behavior and obedience to orders, security work.

4. Exhibition file

It covers all animals registered in RK, which participated in an exhibition or show recognized by OGOK. In addition to the name of the dog according to the pedigree book, it also contains the grades received at the exhibition.

5. File register of dogs with a ban on further breeding

The Non-Breeding Dog File gives the names of the dogs and the adoptions due to which the generations of these dogs cannot be entered into the Association’s stud book.

6. Register of used dogs

The register of used dogs covers dogs that breed the signs and qualities of the breed with or without proven progeny.

With the entry into force of this Breeding Regulation, all previous regulations lose their validity.